MIT学长揭秘留学论文写作技巧

来源:原创    作者:Top论文网    发布时间:2019-05-10 16:02    浏览次数: 次    字数:6008字

文章分类:留学作业代写    文章关键词:留学作业代写

文章导读: 作为留学生,你是否一到写论文作业开始犯愁?本文Top论文网小编就根据MIT学长的经验整理了一篇留学论文作业写作技巧,或许对大家有所帮助。...
       作为留学生,你是否一到写论文作业开始犯愁?本文Top论文网小编就根据MIT学长的经验整理了一篇留学论文作业写作技巧,或许对大家有所帮助。

留学论文作业写作技巧  
留学论文作业写作技巧
 
  Ever wondering why you aced your Chinese literature classes in high school,but failed to achieve a satisfying score on TOEFL/IELTS/GRE writing?This is because academic writing is different.Looking back at what was taught in my high school Chinese literature classes,the so called“writing”was mostly romantic and poem-like.A couple of poem segments and emotionally arousing sentences make it a perfect“essay”for the College Entrance Exam.However,is that what writing is all about?Let us take a look at what the American high schoolers do in their writing classes.Often,the students were asked to gather evidence from reports and relevant literature to support their perspectives on a social,economic or ethic issue in a written form.That,in my opinion,is much closer to what academic writing is like.I would also like to say that not everyone can be a great poet,but we can all probably become great academic writers.
 
  你有没有想过为什么你在高中的语文课上得了高分,但在托福/雅思/GRE写作方面却没有取得令人满意的成绩?这是因为学术写作是不同的。回首我在高中语文课上所教的内容,所谓的“写作”大多是浪漫的和诗意的。几段诗句和激动人心的句子使它成为高考的完美“随笔”。然而,这就是写作的全部意义吗?让我们看看美国高中生在写作课上的表现。通常,要求学生从报告和相关文献中收集证据,以书面形式支持他们对社会、经济或伦理问题的观点。在我看来,这更接近于学术写作。我还想说,不是每个人都能成为伟大的诗人,但我们都有可能成为伟大的学术作家。
 
  Academic writing takes various forms:articles,lab reports,communications,proposals and even personal statements.However,most of them share the same general structures of sections:abstract,introduction,methods,results,discussion,and conclusion.Since you are reading this,I am sure you will learn more about academic writing yourself when the time comes.Thus,I would like to emphasize(ramble)on only a few important points that could be missed.
 
  学术写作有多种形式:文章、实验报告、交流、建议甚至个人陈述。然而,它们中的大多数都具有相同的一般结构:摘要、引言、方法、结果、讨论和结论。既然你在读这篇文章,我相信到时候你会学到更多关于学术写作的知识。因此,我想强调(漫谈)一些可能被忽略的重要问题。
 
  The abstract is the soul of an academic paper.When one doesn’t have time to read the entire thing,they would choose to read the abstract and the figures.That actually is what most PhD students do during their KooBee research career(yeah,I invented the word in Italic).Therefore,being able to include the most important information in a concise but comprehensive way is essential.If you have an impressive single datum,say 99.99%purity or the most conductive,etc.,it is a must-include in your abstract,as it will grab people’s eyeballs.
 
  摘要是学术论文的灵魂。当一个人没有时间去读整件事时,他们会选择读摘要和数字。这实际上是大多数博士生在他们的Koobee研究生涯中所做的(是的,我发明了斜体字)。因此,能够以简洁而全面的方式包含最重要的信息是至关重要的。如果你有一个令人印象深刻的单一数据,比如99.99%的纯度或最导电性等,那么它必须包含在你的摘要中,因为它会吸引人们的眼球。
 
  As for the introduction,it could be the most interesting or most painful part to write,depending on your research area.Generally speaking,you want to lay out the red carpet for the readers to walk on to the ceremony of your latter parts in the paper(your methods,results,and discussion sections).That being said,it may not seem strange that a lot of times people choose to write their methods,results and discussions sections first before they write the introduction.This is because the process of writing these latter sections itself helps formulate the main point of the paper,towards which people will shape the introduction.The introduction is where you sell your research by telling the audience why it is important and unique,which is exactly why it can be painful for people who want to make it close-to-perfect.
 
  至于引言,根据你的研究领域,它可能是最有趣或最痛苦的部分。一般来说,你要为读者铺开红地毯,让他们走到你论文后面部分的仪式上(你的方法、结果和讨论部分)。尽管如此,很多时候人们在写导言之前会先写下他们的方法、结果和讨论部分,这似乎并不奇怪。这是因为后几节的写作过程本身有助于阐述论文的要点,人们将朝着这一点来形成引言。在导言中,你通过告诉观众为什么它重要而独特来推销你的研究,这正是为什么想要接近完美的人会感到痛苦的原因。
 
  Really the methods,results and discussions are the easiest parts to write as the writer is the most familiar with them,as long as they are responsible and hard-working researchers.However,there is one thing that beginners might perform terribly at:the figures.Like I mentioned before,figures are one of the two things people would skim,so the quality and especially the integrity of them are gravely important.Isolated from related texts in the paper,a good figure should by itself reveal a full picture of what it is trying to say.Therefore,it should have clear labels(in different colors probably and/or shapes)and a few sentences in the legend describing the graph or table above it.If the readers have an ambiguous feeling about what the figure is about,then it is like missing a smile from Mona Lisa.
 
  实际上,方法、结果和讨论是最容易写的部分,因为作者是最熟悉的,只要他们是负责任和勤奋的研究人员。然而,有一件事初学者可能会表现得很糟糕:数字。正如我之前提到的,数字是人们会忽略的两件事之一,因此,数字的质量,尤其是完整性,是非常重要的。与论文中的相关文本相分离,一个好的人物本身应该展示出一幅完整的图片,展示出他想说的话。因此,它应该有清晰的标签(可能有不同的颜色和/或形状),并且在描述上面的图表或表格的图例中有几个句子。如果读者对这个数字有一种模棱两可的感觉,那就像蒙娜丽莎的笑容消失了一样。
 
  Finally,the conclusion.This is where the romance part comes in.Unlike introduction which aims to invite your audience,the conclusion is where you lift your paper to a higher level,where a bit of an exaggeration is allowed.Sometimes,it almost feels like we were looking at a dazzling future where there is no pain or sorrow due to the highly functional new technology or medicine that data in this paper distantly(and vaguely)point to.I guess as long as you are not violating some serious hard laws of science,the reviewers won’t be too harsh on hopeful sentences as such,just as life can’t be all about reality,and that a bit of romance makes it feel so much better.
 
  最后,得出结论。这就是浪漫的部分。与旨在吸引观众的引言不同,结论是你将论文提升到一个更高的层次,允许有点夸张。有时,我们几乎感觉到我们正在展望一个令人眼花缭乱的未来,因为本文中的数据远远(模糊)地指向了功能强大的新技术或医学,没有痛苦或悲伤。我想,只要你没有违反一些严肃的科学法则,评论家们就不会对充满希望的句子过于严厉,就像生活不可能全是关于现实一样,一点点的浪漫让它感觉好多了。
 
  This is not a dead serious or all-covering article about how to write an academic paper.It is not even an article by the official definition of it.Think of it as a chit-chat from someone relevant.If you are eager to learn about academic writing,I suggest googling key words or coming to one of our experts at Global Graduates’Union(GGU)if you need to write things such as research statement or statement of purpose.
 
  这并不是一篇严肃的或全面的关于如何写学术论文的文章。它甚至不是官方定义的一篇文章。把它看成是相关人士的闲聊。如果你想学习学术写作,我建议你在谷歌上搜索关键词,或者如果你需要写一些研究报告或目标陈述,我建议你到我们的全球毕业生联合会(GGU)的专家那里。


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标题: MIT学长揭秘留学论文写作技巧       地址:http://www.lunwentop.net/news/liuxuezuoye/351.html
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